Totalling some 200 square kilometres, Nusa Penida is much larger than the better known Nusa Lembongan. Tourist infrastructure is very limited here but growing fast.
Nusa Penida has also become an unofficial bird sanctuary for endangered Balinese and Indonesian bird species, including the critically endangered Bali Starling (Leucopsar rothschildi). In 2004 theFriends of the National Park Foundation (FNPF) started an introduction program onto Nusa Penida of the near-extinct Bali Starling. Over 2 years from 2006, 64 birds were released into the wild. By the spring of 2009, 58 chicks had successfully hatched in the wild and in 2010 there were estimated to be over 100 birds. As with many similar bird release projects in the West Bali National Park that have failed because of poachers, this has been a bit more successful in preventing the Bali Starling from extinction. The Nusa Penida population actively protects the birds. In 2006 each of the villages passed a local regulation making it an offence to steal or threaten the life of the birds.
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